It depends on who you’re counting in Germany – and their birth rates.
German population declines for first time in decade – Pandemic has caused a fall in net immigration in the first six months, federal data show.
Translation: The only population growth in Germany comes from those who are not German. And Germany is like Japan (below)? Sort of. Only the Japanese don’t let anyone into their country. Germans no longer have any control over who comes into theirs.
Germany has long been grappling with a Japanese-style combination of low birth rates, an ageing society and a stagnant population of working-age people, which economists say raises concerns about productivity, growth and public finances in the future.